APH 2004, 62, 117-124:
Long-term Assistance and Care for Dependent Elderly and People with Dementia.
M. Ylieff, F. Buntinx, O. Fontaine, J. De Lepeleire
During the last century, the increase in life expectancy and longevity resulted in a sizeable growth in the proportion of elderly people in developed countries. This demographic change brought about an increase in the prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases (particularly Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders). These chronic, progressive diseases are characterized by mental disorders (cognitive, psychiatric and neurological) causing progressive disabilities in the activities of everyday life (instrumental and daily living activities). The sick person then becomes dependent on the assistance of a third party to ensure his survival.